Most people cringe at the thought of having to open up their desktop computer’s cabinet, and removing and replacing items. And so installing a motherboard, understandably, would conjure up images of smoking computer components and unequaled human error.
But the truth is that anyone can install a new motherboard and CPU if they are prepared. The key is to overcome a common fear of many, which is opening the computer case. Once that’s been accomplished, the feeling of accomplishment, what you’ll learn and the money you save will be big bonuses to add onto the increased speed and performance your new motherboard will give you.
Having Help When You Need It
There are a number of quality online communities which will help you through your first motherboard installation. Looking for those communities devoted to the choosing, buying and installation of motherboards will offer specialized knowledge. But of course, since the computer you’ll be working on will be offline, it will certainly help to have access to the internet via another computer, your smart phone or a tablet if you get stuck and need some expert advice.
Knowing the Technical Terms
There are a few parts that you will be involved with as you are installing your new motherboard. And it’s good to know the language, especially if you need some online advice.
The I/O shield – located at the back of your computer, this thin piece of metal allows you to connect things like your keyboard and mouse to your PC. I/O simply stands for ‘input/output’.
CPU – the central processing unit, which represents the brains of your computer. This is where all of your computer’s processes happen when you turn your machine on or click a program with your mouse.
Heat sink – this is usually considered to be one unit with your computer’s fan. But the actual heat sink is a silver-colored ‘block’ of metal that sits underneath your computer’s fan. The heat sink helps distribute the heat generated by computer components more evenly, preventing the overheating of those components.
Motherboard – last but not least, the motherboard is the main circuit board of your computer. It is what all of your computer components, such as your hard drives and PCI cards plug into.
Before You Install
If you haven’t yet done so, you may want to consider whether your CPU is compatible with your motherboard, and whether your computer’s case can handle the size of the motherboard you purchased. The answer to this can be found at many online resources, or at the store where you purchased your motherboard and CPU if you didn’t purchase it online. If the sizes aren’t correct, you will need to return your components to where you purchased them and get the correct size.
It’s also important to be aware that any static charges can permanently damage any circuit boards that you touch during installation. And so ensuring that you ground yourself often by touching a metal object will help to dissipate any static buildup as you’re working inside your computer. Your computer should be unplugged during the entire motherboard installation process.
The I/O Shield
Your new motherboard will have probably come with its own I/O shield, so that the ports on the back are compatible with their corresponding locations on the motherboard. Removing the I/O shield is simply a matter of either unscrewing it or gently pulling it away from the rest of the case. Replacing the shield should be done as gently as possible to avoid bending the shield out of shape.
Installing the central processing unit is a simple task. But the CPU itself is very delicate. It is installed in the area of the motherboard that has a small plastic ‘arm’. Simply move the arm to open the grip for the socket. Then, look at the bottom of the CPU, and ensure that it’s turned the right way to go into the socket. Once you’ve set it in, move the arm back into its original position to lock it.
Learning how to install a motherboard is your first stop in learning how to install computer components (Image by Flickr user : coldpants)
The motherboard will then need to be fitted into your cabinet. Most cabinets will match the positions of the screw holes on the motherboard. You will need to ensure that the motherboard is aligned properly with the I/O shield. If the alignment is correct, you can then begin screwing the motherboard into the I/O shield. You may have to consult the manual that came with your motherboard to ensure that it’s been connected properly to ensure optimal power.
The power supply switch will then need to be connected. Usually labeled PW-SW, it is where the P-ON or PW connector on your motherboard will connect. Once all connections are secure, screw in all the adapters at once.
[Read also: Maintaining Your Computer Saves You Money on Repairs and New Purchases]